Parts of an Employment Contract

Many jobs require their staff to sign a contract of employment. Understanding the limitations and purposes of an employment contract are important for employers and their employees. Employment contracts are legal to the extent that they’re in alignment with local labor laws. In the US, each state defines most of its own labor laws, including the rights of employers and employees.

Job Descriptions in an Employment Contract

Many employers include a job description for each position in the employment contract. The purpose of this is so that everyone on staff is aware of the responsibilities of his position. Knowing who is responsible for what can make it easier to adjust to the job. Employees work together better when everyone knows where they stand and how they’re supposed to interact.

Dress Code in an Employment Contract

In many employment contracts, there is a section that describes the company dress code. Companies want to be sure that everyone on staff is dressed in a manner that reflects the company’s level of professionalism and character. It’s common to see uniform requirements, as well as personal hygiene and grooming requirements. In some cases, the dress code may be related to safety issues, as well as appearances.

Scheduling and overtime in an Employment Contract

Some employers use the employment contract to hold staff accountable for their hours. Rules that prohibit an employee from working overtime without notifying a supervisor are designed to help the company avoid costly overtime wages. Additionally, some companies place restrictions on the “early clock-on” because some people like to sneak in a few extra hours each week just by arriving a little early.

Non-Disclosure Agreements in an Employment Contract

Many employment contracts have a non disclosure agreement, or NDA. This is designed to protect their proprietary secrets from their competition. The terminology on an NDA clause varies greatly from contract to contract. Some companies simply require you to keep confidential the things you learn about the company while in its employ. Others require you to promise that you will not go to work for specific competitors within a range of time following your termination or voluntary resignation. Quite often, they also require that you not open up a business that directly competes within a certain time range or within a designated number of miles from the company.

Sexual Harassment Clauses in an Employment Contract

Sexual harassment clauses are also common in employment contracts. Quite simply, no employer wants to be sued for allowing a staff member to sexually harass another. it’s important for companies to create an environment that doesn’t tolerate sexual harassment by outlining the behaviors that won’t be tolerated and creating a course of action for employees who have been victimized. Signing this portion of the document indicates that you won’t sexually harass another employee, and that if anyone harasses you, you promise to follow the company’s guidelines for handling the situation.

I realize this is irrelevant for this site, my bad. I had to put it somewhere. The rewrite request was too extensive to waste my time with.